Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs

Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs

Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs  is a microscopic skin mite that can be found in the English Bulldog, American Bulldog, and French Bulldog puppy and adult and is seen in other dog breeds as well.

Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs are categorized in the literature into two form types, the more common one is named “localized demodicosis” and the second and less common presentation is called “generalized demodicosis.”

Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs LOCALIZED JUVENILE FORM: The “localized”  red mite form, also known as “puppy demodicosis” or “juvenile demodicosis,” is usually the result of your bulldog and french bulldog puppy immature immune system. Therefore, in most cases, the infestation is self-limited and of short duration.

The most common skin presentation of a bulldog puppy with localized demodicosis is non itchy patch of lost hair which can often be resolvd with non-prescrption suppluments and topical theruputics

 

Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs GNNERLIZED ADULT FORM: In contrast to the puppy localized bulldog demodicosis, the bulldog red mite “generalized”  form, also known as bulldog “adult demodicosis,” is usually the result of an underlying immune-compromised disease. These bulldogs are typically immune suppressed due to an underlying medical condition such as a hormonal imbalance, metabolic disease, chronic stress, and malnourishment.

Clinical presentation of the adult generalized bulldog demodicosis is often severe, diffuse dermatitis with secondary bacterial and yeast infection In contrast to the puppy from the treatment for this form usually requires prescription medication in addition to the supplements and medicated therapeutic topicals.

Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs DIAGNOSIS:

Demodicosis red mite skin disease in bulldogs is diagnosed by the clinical presentation and a positive microscopic finding from a skin sample that was acquired from the patient.

V4B Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs PUPPY VS. ADULT FORM

DISTRIBUTION:Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs immune boost bundle

  • Puppy Bulldog Demodex: LOCAL
  • Adult Bulldog Demodex: GENERALIZED

DURATION:

  • Puppy Bulldog Demodex: SHORT (months, till maturity)
  • Adult Bulldog Demodex: LONG-LASTING (years)

CAUSE:

  • Puppy Bulldog Demodex: IMMUNE INCOMPETENT (immature immune system)
  • Adult Bulldog Demodex: IMMUNE SUPPRESSED ( compromised immune system often due to an underlying disease or immune suppressant rx)

INTENSITY:

  • Puppy Bulldog Demodex: MILD, NON-ITCHY, NO PYODERMA
  • Adult Bulldog Demodex: SEVERE DERMATITIS, OFTEN ITCHY(often present with secondary bacteria and yeast infections)

DIAGNOSIS:

  • Puppy Bulldog Demodex: SKIN SCRAPE
  • Adult Bulldog Demodex: SKIN SCRAP plus LAB WORK and IMAGING (to figure out the underlining disease)

THERAPY:

  • Puppy Bulldog Demodex: MOSTLY NON-RX THERUPUTIC  TOPICAL & SUPPLEMENTS
  • Adult Bulldog Demodex: THERAPEUTIC  TOPICAL & SUPPLEMENTS as well as PRESCRIPTION RX

PROGNOSIS:

  • Puppy Bulldog Demodex: VERY GOOD
  • Adult Bulldog Demodex: DEPENDS ON UNDERLINING IMMUNE SUPPRESSANT CONDITION

Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs MAINTENANCE & TREATMENT:

  1. IVERMECTIN: An estimated duration of a 3-months daily dose of oral Ivermectin to help eliminate the red demodex mites
  2. ANTIBIOTICS: At times a course of antimicrobials to treat secondary skin infections
  3. SUPPLEMENTS: A daily oral immunomodulator supplement as adjunctive therapy to the above standard therapies like my
  1. MEDICATED WATERLESS GEL: A daily topical waterless shampoos like my:
  1. MEDICATED SHAMPOO: A weekly or biweekly bath with a hair follicle flushing and antiseptic/fungal medicated shampoos like my
  1. STRESS-FREE:  I also advise a stress-free environment, intestinal parasite control, flea control, a high-quality diet, and supplements like my
Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs

Red Mite Demodex Mange in Bulldogs as Seen by Dr. Kraemer Under the Microscope (Skin Scrape)

Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs RULE OF THEMB:

In 20 years of practice, I have seen only a handful of cases of generalized adult demodicosis in all other canine breeds, while in comparison, I diagnose and treat a few bulldogs and french bulldog puppies each week with skin disease due to demodex red mites.  While some of those bulldogs are stressed, abused, malnourished rescue cases, many others are well cared for, privately owned bulldogs. Thus, I believe that there is a genetic predisposition of bulldogs to contract these mites.

Demodex red mite mange in bulldogs and French bulldogs TIPS & WARNINGS 

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Tip #1 NON-CONTAGIOUS:  The bulldog Demodex canis red mites are NOT considered to be contagious to your other pets or family members.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Tip #2 GENETICS:  The bulldog demodectic red mite juvenile-onset and the generalized form of demodicosis are much more common in bulldogs then in most other dog breeds. We believe that there is a genetically inherent predisposition.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Tip #3 LAB TESTS:  If your bulldog was diagnosed with general adult demodicosis, you should consider running some general diagnostic tests in order to rule out an underlying immune suppressant disease like hypothyroidism, hyper adrenal disease, chronic parasitic infestation, etc.

Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Hair Follicle

Demodex Mites at the Hair Follicle in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Tip #4 STEROIDS: If your bulldog was diagnosed with demodicosis, the medical records should be reviewed to determine if any immune suppressant drugs, like steroids (cortisone), have been used recently.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs  Tip#5 R/C SCRAPING:  Your bulldog puppy should have additional scrapings examined in order to monitor the response to therapy every few weeks.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Tip#6  R/C EXAM:  I usually recommend two negative scrapings done a few weeks apart before saying that the clinical condition is resolved.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Tip #7  SUPPLEMENTS: Even after your bulldog is clinically improved and taken off the ivermectin, I usually recommend continuing immune booster supplements like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Immune Support and V4B fish oil for a few additional months.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Tip #8 BRAVECTO: There are a few flea control preventatives, like Bravecto, that have shown some ability to also control the red mite. I always start demodicosis cases on those flea control medications and continue using them year-round, even after the condition had been resolved.

Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs severe dermatitis

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Tip #9 IVERMECTIN: To avoid adverse effects when treating with ivermectin, I always start at the lowest dosage. If your bulldog has shown no adverse effects, I will incrementally increase the dosage every 7 days.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Tip #10 ITCH: Most bulldogs with juvenile puppy demodicosis are not itchy, at least not early on. They typically present with only a focal or multifocal baldness, sometimes with additional scaling and redness.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Warning #1 RELAPSE: Due to the underlying disease associated with the generalized form of bulldog demodicosis, relapses after discontinuation of the treatment is not uncommon, this therapy might be necessary for an extended period.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Warning  #2 STEROIDS: Because demodicosis red mite skin disease is due to an immune system that is compromised, you should avoid treating your bulldog with any immune suppressant drugs. The most common mistakes I see in my practice are bulldogs whose symptoms were misdiagnosed as “allergies dermatitis” and injected or prescribed steroids (cortisones) for itch control.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Warning  #3 GENETICS: If your adult female or male bulldog was diagnosed with demodicosis skin mites, you should consider neutering or spaying them since we believe that there is a genetically inherited predisposition to the disease.

Demodex Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs medicated shampoo

Dr. Kraemers’ Bulldog V4B Oily Skin Medicated Shampoo

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Warning  #4 IVERMECTIN: The use of ivermectin is forbidden in some breeds like collies, shelties, and Australian shepherds due to high-risk, life-threatening, adverse effects. In bulldogs, adverse effects are rare and limited in their severity when usage is stopped in a timely manner.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Warning  #5 SIDE EFFECTS: You should be familiar with the adverse effects of ivermectin. Even though they are rare, when observed they most often manifest as nausea, wobbliness, stumbling, tiredness, and lethargy. I have seen a case of temporary blindness. All of the above adverse effects are reversed once the ivermectin therapy is stopped. I have never seen a long-lasting side effect due to treatment with ivermectin.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Warning #6 DURATION: In a server case such as the generalized adult demodicosis form I recommend continuing the medications for a minimum of three months. Owner compliance is critical in order to avoid relapse and drug resistance.

Demodicosis Red Mite Mange in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Warning #7 INFECTION: Remember, that besides the eradication of the mites, it is vital to address the secondary bacterial skin infections and ensure that no concurrent diseases exist that could impair your bulldog’s ability to respond to treatment.

*This guide was compiled courtesy of Dr. Kraemer, a “MUST READ” manual for any current or future bully owner

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