Interdigital cyst in Bulldogs
and French Bulldogs
and French Bulldogs
Interdigital Cysts In Bulldogs and French Bulldogs
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs are common to the breed and is often a lifelong challenge. Other names for interdigital cysts are Bulldog Interdigital Furuncles and Bulldog Pododermatitis, though they are not always one and the same.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Most bully owners associate this medical term with the bright, red, puffy, sometimes erupting lesions as seen in the interdigital web space when visualized from above. Histologically, the lesions are nodular and not a true cyst (a cyst is a closed sac structure filled with liquid). True interdigital cysts can be visualized under the toes and are usually due to trauma to the paw hair follicles which could end with it becoming plugged and possibly infected.
Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs PRESENTATION:
- Red, Swollen, Blood filled blister.
- Limping and Pain
- Itching, Licking, Biting
- Rupture of the “cyst” leading to an infection
Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs RULE of THUMB:
LIFE LONG CYCLE: Bulldog interdigtal cysts can flare in cycles and could remain a life long problem you will need to manage. The majority of bulldog interdigital cysts should and can be managed topically with bully skin fold wipes, rinse, lotions and spray and a dip in water mixed with epsom salts and antiseptic solutions (like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Bully Antispetic Extra Strength Rinse).
SURGERY: Surgery probing should be avoided and discourged with the exception of foxtails.
A common cause of interdigital cysts in bulldogs and French bulldogs is due to the short bristly hairs located on the interdigital webbing between your bulldog’s toes. The short shafts of hair are easily forced into the hair follicles during exercise and walking.
Other underlying common factors are:
- ALLERGIES: Bulldog and French Bulldog Allergies (itch atopic dermatitis, pododermatitis, and food allergy)
- PYODERMA: Bulldog and French Bulldog Infections (Bulldog pyoderma and Bulldog yeast infection)
- MITES: Bulldog and French Bulldog Demodex Red Mite
- PEMPHIGUS: Bulldog and French Bulldog immune-mediated skin disease (bulldog pemphigus)
- HYPERKERATOSIS: Bulldog and French Bulldog Dermal Keratinization Conditions
- FOXTAIL: Bulldog and French Bulldog Foreign Body (foxtail)
- ARTHRITIS: Bulldog and French Bulldog Osteoarthritis (abnormal placement of the paw with uneven pressure leading to trauma to the digit hair follicle)
- OBESITY: Bulldog and French Bulldog Obesity (excessive weight on the paw leading to hair follicle trauma)
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs DIAGNOSTIC TEST:
- Skin scrape (mites)
- Cytology (Bacteria and Yeast)
- Skin cultures
- Skin biopsies
Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs BULLDOG MAINTENANCE:
Interdigital cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs require long-term therapy that combines topicals and supplements, as well as systemic therapy in severe cases.
1. SOAKING: An inexpensive, safe and effective bulldog interdigital cyst care and maintenance is a daily soak with lukewarm water mixed with Epsom salts and an antibacterial solution like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Antiseptic Rinse XS,
2. WIPING, SPRAYING, RINSING, SHAMPOO: A daily wipe, rinse, or spray of your bulldog’s or French bulldog’s toes with a combination of anti-yeast and antibacterial medicated products like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Antiseptic XL Skin Fold Wipes, rinse, spray, or lotion. (also available in economic bully skin fold bundles) and V4B Antiseptic Extra Strength Medicated Shampoo
- Pain Relief: like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Bully Comfort AcheLess Formula Chews
- Anti-Inflammatories: like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Bully Fish Oil EFA Immune-Skin-Joints Chews
- Immune Boosters: like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Bully Immune Support Chews
- Arthritis Relief: like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Bully Total Joints Formula Chews
3. PAIN RELIEF (RX) such as NSAID, Gabapentin, and Tramadol
3. TOPICAL OINTMENTS (RX): Topical antibacterial ointments like mupirocin and panalog is sometimes necessary.
4. SYSTEMIC ANTISEPTICS (RX): Systemic antibiotics and systemic antifungal medication might be necessary in moderate to severe interdigital cyst cases.
5. SYSTEMIC ANTI-INFLAMMATORY & ITCH CONTROL (RX): Systemic anti-inflammatory, anti-itching medication is often needed in a severe case of bulldog interdigital cyst. The prescription will usually be in the form of a cortisone or preferably non-steroidal drug-like Apoquel, Cytopoint, and Cyclosporine.
7. STEM CELL THERAPY: Stem Cell Therapy and Cryobanking for Interdigital cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs: I have successfully treated non-responsive, severe cases of interdigital cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs who either reacted adversely to the traditional oral and injectable medications, and/or did not improve on those drugs with this new, cutting edge, regenerative medicine technology.
Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs TIPS & WARNINGS:
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs FOOD ALLERGY TIP #1: If your bulldog or French bulldog suffers from an interdigital cyst and is also itching his belly, ears, and other areas you should suspect allergies as the underlying cause. Food allergy should be suspected when your bulldog is also suffering from gastrointestinal problems like indigestion and gas.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs TREATMENT DURATION TIP #2: Treating Bulldog and French Bulldog interdigital cysts often includes systemic medication for both the itch and inflammation, as well as the yeast and bacteria. The treatment should continue for a few weeks and often requires a much longer treatment duration.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs WEIGHT LOSS TIP #3: Overweight Bulldogs and French Bulldogs are at risk for interdigital cysts due to abnormal weight-bearing distribution and secondary increased friction between the skin and footpads. Weight loss for those overweight bulldogs will be beneficial.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs IMMUNOTHERAPY TIP #4: If itch atopic dermatitis is suspected a VARL test is recommended to help identify the environmental allergen followed by immunotherapy. Immunotherapy can save the owner money by reducing the dependency on anti-itch and antibiotics drugs. Immunotherapy is safe, cost-effective, and medically effective treatment option for long-term control of bulldog atopic dermatitis.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs FOOD TRIAL TIP #5: If a food allergy is likely, then I recommend a 3-4 month trial prescription hypoallergenic elimination diet with a novel protein or hydrolyzed protein.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs DURATION WARNING #1: A recurrent chronic interdigital cyst could be caused by inappropriate antibiotic therapy (too short a course, wrong dosage, wrong drug).
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs MRSP WARNING #2: Multi-drug resistant bacterial infections like MRSP are becoming increasingly common, thus I recommend cultures for non-resolving interdigital cyst cases who are currently on prescribed imperial antibiotics treatment.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs FRICTION WARNING #3: Any chronic friction of opposed surfaces of your bulldog’s toes can cause an interdigital cyst.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs STEROIDS WARNING #4: Dependency and excessive use of steroids can lead to serious adverse effects. There are new, non-steroidal, anti-itch medications and injections in the market, as well as non-pharmaceutical, anti-inflammatory, healing modalities like stem cell therapy, PRP, PEMT, and Cold Laser Therapy.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs FOXTAIL WARNING #5 Interdigital cysts in bulldogs can be confused with a foreign body like foxtail.
Interdigital Cysts in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs SCARRING WARNING #6: Ongoing chronic bulldog interdigital infections can lead to secondary scarring.