Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs is a common complaint among bulldog owners, especially if their bully’s coat is light-colored. Many bulldog and French bulldog owners place blame for those unsightly, wet, reddish, tear stains on the mysterious, infamous, “RED YEAST”, citing “Dr. Yahoo” and his associate “Dr. Google”. This is a FALLACY!
Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs FACT:
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs PORPHYRIN: The true origin of those mysterious tearstains is a red blood cell (RBC) by-product called “porphyrin”.
- PORPHYRIN PROCESSION & EXCRETION: Your bulldog’s average RBC life span is about 4 months. When your bulldog’s red blood cell dies (expires), it’s remains, including porphyrin, are processed via the liver, biliary system, GI tract, urine, and your bulldog’s saliva and tears.
- PORPHYRIN LIGHT ACTIVATION: Porphyrin contains a light-sensitive iron molecule that when exposed to sunlight turns reddish (oxidizes), thus when your bulldog licks its paws or leg, such as in the cases of bulldog allergies, bulldog pododermatitis, bulldog lick granuloma, etc., that area often turns reddish dark upon exposure to sunlight.
SALIVA & TEARS: Porphyrin is excreted in your bully SALIVA & TEARS.
EXCESSIVE TEARING & LICKING: The activated porphyrin in your bully tears and saliva turns the licked and teared fur area into a reddish color.
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs EXCESSIVE TEARS:
Excessive tears are the most common reason for tear stains.
The two common reasons for excessive tears are:
- Tear overproduction
- Tear insufficient drainage
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs TEAR OVERPRODUCTION (epiphora):
The most common reasons for tear overproduction in bulldogs and French bulldogs are:
- EYELASHES: Bulldog eyelash problems like Distichiasis, Trichiasis, and ectopic cilia, all of which will irritate and injure the cornea.
- EYELID: Bulldog eyelid problems like entropion, which is an inner rotation of the eyelids.
- CORNEA: Bulldog corneal ulcers, which are painful, irritating injuries to your bulldog’s cornea.
- EYEBALL: Bulldog exophthalmos, which is a protrusion of the eyeball, common to the brachycephalic breeds.
- ALLERGIES: Bulldog allergies, such as bulldog atopic itch dermatitis and bulldog food allergy.
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs TEAR OVERPRODUCTION PRESENTATION:
Common clinical presentation for those conditions are:
- Difficulty opening eyes
- Squinting and shying away from direct light
- Scratching and rubbing face and eyes
- Discharge and gunk
- Red, puffed, irritated eyes (Conjunctivitis, Scleritis)
- Cloudiness, scaring, opaqueness of the cornea
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs TEAR DRAINAGE PROBLEMS:
BRACHYCEPHALIC FACIAL BONES: Tears insufficient drainage, such as occluded tear ducts due to the breed’s compressed facial bones, is the second reason for excessive tears.
For additional information about those common bulldog conditions, please read Dr. Kraemer’s “Eyes & Eye Lids” pages.
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs The Notorious “RED YEAST” MYSTERY:
The “Red Yeast” is an urban myth. The red-colored tearstains are due to porphyrin, a red blood cell (RBC) by-product, that is excreted from your bulldog’s tears and saliva. The myth propagation is possibly an innocent mix-up with the common bully skin and ears yeast organism, Malassezia (a Pityrosporum NOT Porphyrin). Yeasty bully (Malassezia) stains and discharge are usually dark brownish and might have an odor. They are typically found in the wet, moist areas, such as inside your bulldog’s ear canal, skin, and skin-folds (i.e. Bully Yeasty Otitis, Bully Yeasty Moist Skin-Fold Dermatitis, Bully Yeasty Dermatitis).
Bully Malassezia can be diagnosed by culture or cytology taken from your bully’s skin, skin-fold and ear canal via a swab or skin impression.
Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs TEARS OVERPRODUCTION & DRAINAGE WARNING:
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs WARNING #1: For all of the above conditions, please see your veterinarian as soon as possible.
Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs WARNING #2: Certain antibiotics, like Tylosin, have occasionally been shown to help reduce porphyrin in the tears, thus in those cases, a bacterium is implicated. The bacteria are possibly contracted by contact with unclean plastic water bowls and face scratching due to allergies.
- WARNING OTC: Most of the over-the-counter tear stain removal products such as “Angel Dust”, “Tear Stain Away, and “Pet Spark” contain antibiotics like Tylosin, which is borderline illegal, unethical, and potentially harmful to your bulldog (i.e. drug adverse reaction, as well as endangering and propagating resistance to those essential antibiotics for nothing more than vanity and cosmetics).
- WARNING ANTIBIOTICS: I don’t recommend using prescription antibiotics for cosmetic issues, never forget our “Do No Harm” rule. Antibiotics are prescription-only and should be supervised by your veterinarian.
Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Tear Stains in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs MAINTENACE:
Listed below is a short summary of six sound steps to prevent and remove bulldog and French bulldog tear stains.
- GROOMING: Proper Grooming of the area under the eyes keeping the hair short and the skin dry
- WIPING: Bulldog tear stains can be reduced by wiping often the wet surface using an appropriate wipe like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Bully Tear StainLess XL Wipes. Timely wiping is critical, I recommend at least once or twice a day.
- NON-TYLOSIN SUPPLEMENT: In contrast to other OTC products that contain unauthorized potentially harmful antibiotics, use Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Bully Tear StainLess Chews which are Tylosin Free (antibiotics free). It contains botanical, natural ingredients and is an easy-to-administer chew.
- WATER & FOOD BOWLS: Stainless steel feeding and water bowls are less likely to crack, easier to clean, thus less likely to harbor and colonize porphyrin stimulating bacteria.
- SKIN-FOLD MOIST DERMATITIS: Maintain and dry your bulldog and French bulldog skin-folds to help eliminate bacteria and Malassezia yeast microorganisms (skin fold moist dermatitis), Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Bully Antiseptic Skin Fold XL wipes are ideal for the daily maintenance of those folds.
- STRESS & NUTRITION: Reducing stress, boosting the immune system and feeding a balanced nutrition diet could help prevent and/or eliminate tear stains. This can be complemented with various supplements, such as Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Bully Immune Support, Bully StressLess, Bully Fish Oil Immune-Skin-Joint, Bully Multi-vitamin Advanced Formula, and Bully Pre-ProBiotic.
” An Ounce of PREVENTION Is Worth a Pound of CURE”