Sinusitis and Allergic Rhinitis Breathing Problems in Bulldogs

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinus cell lining (mucosa) and rhinitis is an inflammation is the nasal cavity.

Sinusitis and Allergic Rhinitis in Bulldogs CAUSE:

  • Viral
  • Bacteria (often secondary)
  • Allergy: smoke, mold, dust
  • Mycotic (fungal): there are a few types most are regional
  • Infected tooth (root): dental disease, periodontitis
  • Subgingival Hair: hair impaction
  • Foreign Body: fox tail, plant material
  • Oronasal Fistula: hair impaction
  • Nasopharyngeal polyps
  • Tumors

TIP: bulldog puppies are more prone to viral infection while adults and seniors are to infected teeth and tumors

Sinusitis and Allergic Rhinitis in Bulldogs PRESENTATION:


  • Foreign bodies, infected roots, tumors, and polyps might be from one naris
  • Viral, allergy, from both nares

Nasal discharge:

  • Clear (allergy)
  • Purulent (infected)
  • Bloody (tumor, clotting problems, dental disease)

Pawing & Rubbing

  • Pain
  • Itching allergy

Oral (mouth):

  • Blood,
  • Bad smell
  • Mouth dichrage
  • Pain: not eating
  • Swelling gums


  • Facial bump
  • Swellone
  • Open wound and discharge

Allergic Rhinitis and Sinusitis Breathing Problems in Bulldogs DIAGNOSIS

Oral Exam

  • Impacted hair on teeth
  • Gingivitis
  • Bad smell
  • Loose teeth
  • Access


  • Not eating
  • Rat poison
  • Fox tail in yard
  • Fox tail found in toe and/or ears

General Blood Test

  •  CBC
  • Coagulation Profile


  • radiographs including dental images,
  • MRI
  • CT
  • Rhinoscopy


  • Cytology
  • Biopsy
  • Fungal Culture

Sinusitis and Rhinitis Breathing Problems in Bulldogs PREVENTION:





Sinusitis and Rhinitis Breathing Problems in Bulldogs TREATMENT

  • Tooth Extraction
  • Remove Foxtail
  • Humidiers & HEFA filter
  • Antibiotics
  • Antifungal
  • Surgical removal of polyp or Tumor if possible

Dr. Kraemer’s Sinusitis and Rhinitis in Bulldogs TIPS:

Bulldog Sinusitis and Rhinitis CAUSE TIP:

Treating the symptoms is not a long-term fix, it’s critical to find and treat (or remove) the underlying cause.

Bulldog Sinusitis and Rhinitis BLEEDING NOSE TIP:

Frank blood could be to coagulation clotting problems like rat poison, hypertension, or an invasive tumor

Bulldog Sinusitis and Rhinitis SUBGINGIVAL HAIR TIP:

Subgingival hair is unique to bulldogs and preventing it is simple. Left alone it will become infected and erode the gums and the bone leading to oronasal fistula.

Use Dr. Kraemer’s Dental Antiseptic Wips daily or weekly (as needed ) to remove the hair

Breathing Problems in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs

Breathing Problems Bulldogs French Bulldogs Puppies airway problems are very common and critically impact your bulldog puppy’s life qulity and life expectancy.

Breathing Problems Bulldogs French Bulldogs puppies MOST COMMON

Some of the most common respiratory and airway diseases in the breed are

Bulldog Breathing Bundle - Ultimate

Breathing Problem in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs / BOAS:

BOAS stands for Bulldog Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrom, and the term “Brachycephalic” is Latin for a smooched face

This “pushed in” signature look of the common bulldog has an undesirable effect on the entire anatomy of your bulldog’s neck and head and its relation to the respective soft tissue and structures.

For some bulldogs, this can lead to serious medical problems that in most cases if not corrected will get worse over time… Read More

Breathing Problems in Bulldogs French Bulldogs STENOTIC NARE:

A stenotic nose is one of the common breathing problems in the breed, especially in French bulldogs.  Stenotic means narrow, or just “pinched nose”, which restricts the amount of air that can flow into your bulldog nostrils. Left alone this problem will compound the other BOAS problems.

Stenotic Nares can be surgically corrected by removing a wedge of tissue from the nostrils to allow improved airflow….LEARN MORE



bulldog airway respiratory disease pinched nose

Breathing Problems in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs / ELONGATED SOFT PALATE:

Sadly, the natural anatomical boundaries of the soft palate were altered as a direct aftermath of ongoing selective “cute smooched face” inbreeding. The soft palate is forced into the vacant laryngeal space by the hard palate obstructing space critical for respiration.

The obstructive tissue should be surgically shortened to improve airflow…. LEARN MORE


Breathing Problems Bulldogs French Bulldogs elongated palate


Breathing Problem in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs / EVERTED LARYNGEAL SACCULES

The laryngeal cartilaginous tissue evert, prolapse, and turn inwards due to the constant negative pressure and suction associated with the increased respiratory effort caused by the other common bulldog airway condition such as stenotic nares and/or the elongated soft palate. Everted laryngeal saccules will further obstruct airway flow already compromised by the other structural abnormalities mentioned in this chapter (i.e. bulldog elongated soft palate, stenotic nares, hypoplastic trachea).… LEARN MORE

Breathing Problems in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs / ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA 

Aspiration Pneumonia in Bulldogs and French bulldog puppies happens when the lower respiratory tract becomes inflamed due to inhalation of foreign material, most gastric content (vomiting), and/or esophageal content (regurgitation). This results in serious damage to both your bulldog puppy’s lungs and surrounding tissue.

Unfortunately, as the inhaled matter is usually laden with bacteria, Infection can often …….LEARN MORE

Bulldog breathing problems aspiration pneumonia


Hypoplastic Trachea in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs :

The trachea or windpipe of a bulldog is smaller in diameter than in normal dogs, which causes restricted airflow. Any abnormality in the upper airway or narrowing of your bulldog’s airways can not only cause increased airway resistance but also increase negative intra-airway pressure.

Super Enlarged Tonsils in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs :

The problems associated with BCS progress over time leading to increased suction, inflammation, and fatigue of the tissues surrounding the larynx. This could lead to severely enlarged, swollen tonsils which can further obstruct your bulldog’s airflow. In this case, a tonsillectomy (removal of the tonsils) is recommended.

 Hiatal Hernia in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs:

A protrusion of the abdominal esophagus or part of your bully stomach through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm into the chest cavity or part of the stomach into the terminal esophagus through the hiatus (tear, opening). It could be congenital (born with) or acquired and is more common in bulldogs than most breeds.

Allergic Rhinitis in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs:

Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Allergic Rhinitis is an inflammatory condition of the nasal sinuses (Sinusitis) manifested by nasal discharge, sneezing, snoring, open mouth breathing, at times bloody nasal discharge, and/or labored breathing. It is often due to allergen exposure.

Sinusitis in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs:

Bulldogs and French Bulldogs sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses and nasal cavity mucosa lining. Bulldog sinusitis can be caused by a range of conditions such as viral, bacterial, allergies, fungal, dental disease, and foreign body. Your bulldog typically will sneeze and have clear, mucoid, blood, or purulent nasal discharge.

Your bulldog might also exhibit eating difficulties, bad breath, and bleeding gums.


Pododermatitis in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs store

*This guide was compiled courtesy of Dr. Kraemer, a “MUST READ” manual for any current or future bully owner.