Everted Laryngeal Saccules

By: Dr. Roy Kraemer |
DVM, Bulldog Specialist Veterinarian

Saccules in Bulldog and French Bulldog

Everted Laryngeal Saccules in Bulldog and French bulldogs are a secondary outcome to the better known primary bulldog obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS).

Everted Laryngeal Saccules in English Bulldog and French Bulldog

Many bulldog owners are apprehensive and alerted by their bulldog’s noisy respiration and intolerance to any excitement, exercise, or activities. They wonder about the mysterious everted laryngeal saccules condition as it relates to their bully airway problem and enquires about treatment options for their suffering bully.

In addition, many don’t know the saccule’s anatomical location, why, or how they might impair breathing and affect their bulldog’s general health.

Everted Laryngeal Saccules in Bulldog and French Bulldog BOAS

Bulldog Laryngeal everted saccules are considered part of the brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS).

They are considered secondary outcomes to some of the better-known BOAS such as:

Other secondary bulldog-restrictive airway conditions are:

  • Bulldog Prollapsed Tonsil
  • Bulldog Hypoplastic Trachea
  • Bulldog Laryngeal Collapse

Everted Laryngeal Saccules in Bulldog and French Bulldog ANATOMY:

The bulldog saccules are located inside your bulldog throat near the base of the tongue, one on each side of the larynx. They are below the tonsils, near the vocal cords.

Your bulldog laryngeal saccules are part of the normal laryngeal mucosa and, in their normal flat, deflated state are not visible and do not obstruct airflow. When the saccules evert, they become visible at the bottom part of the larynx.

Depending on the severity and chronicity, they can appear as small bubbles in the early, less severe state or much bigger bulging tissue as they balloon and become more pronounced and obstructive.

Everted Laryngeal Saccules in Bulldog and French Bulldog CAUSE:

When a bulldog or a French bulldog suffers from any of the main airway abnormalities associated with BOAS, such as

  • BULLDOG ELONGATED SOFT PALATE
  • BULLDOG STENOTIC NARES
  • BULLDOG PROLAPS TONSILS
  • BULLDOG HYPOPLASTIC TRACHEA

The odds for BULLDOG OVERRATED LARYNGEAL SACCULES  will dramatically increase

All those BOAS conditions contribute to an increase in your bulldog’s respiratory effort and compound the obstructive airway and restricted laryngeal airflow problems. They lead to abnormal negative pressure and suction forces like the ones seen when excessive suction is applied to a straw. The laryngeal mucosal lining will react to those forces the same way as your straw does, it will bulge inward and continue to balloon as the suction increases.

The ballooned tissue occupies space that is essential for airflow, compounding the existing BOAS respiratory efforts.

surgically resected bulldog everted saccules

Everted Laryngeal Saccules in Bulldog and French Bulldog PRESENTATION:

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES STRIDOR: 

Raspy mechanical breathing sound that gets worse during excitement and activity

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES GASTROINTESTINALLY: 

Hacking,  gaging, regurgitating, and vomiting due to high vasovagal tone

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA: 

lower airway problems consistent with inflamed, infected lungs due to inhalation of gastric content common to hacking, regurgitating, vomiting bulldogs

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES HYPERTHERMIA:

High body temperature reaching critical overheating

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES  HYPOXIA:

Oxygenation deficiencies and ventilation-perfusion problems manifested by the cyanotic-looking blue-purple gums and tongue

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES  COLLAPSE & FAINT:

Due to the high parasympathetic tone and oxygen depravation

French bulldog Everted Laryngeal Saccules

Everted Laryngeal Saccules in Bulldog and French Bulldog TREATMENT:

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES MEDICAL TREATMENT:

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES TRANQUILIZERS:

MEDICINE: Injectable tablets like acepromazine and/or trazodone can help relax and calm your bulldog and prevent an anxiety-related respiratory crisis.
SUPPLEMENTS: like Dr. Kraemers V4B Bully Calm & StressLess supplement

Fr. Bulldog V4B StressLess Formula Handout

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES:

STEROIDS: to help reduce swelling

BULLDOG EVERTED SACCULES ANTI-VOMITING, NAUSEA & REFLUX RX:

ANTI EMETICS & H2BLOOKERS: To help prevent bulldog aspiration pneumonia

BULLDOG EVERTED LARYNGEAL SACCULES ANTIBIOTICS

If or when bulldog aspiration pneumonia is suspected

BULLDOG EVERTED LARYNGEAL SACCULES SURGERY

post op bulldog laryngeal saccules

Surgical removal of the bulging saccules is usually required for severe cases.

Bulldog everted laryngeal saccules are typically removed when or after the elongated palate, stenotic nares, and prolapsed tonsils are operated on.

Everted Laryngeal Saccules in Bulldog and French Bulldog TIPS & WARNINGS:

BULLDOG EVERTED LARYNGEAL SACCULES TIPS

Bulldog Everted Saccules Tip #1 EXAM: A thorough oropharyngeal examination with a laryngoscope and proper illumination must be conducted.

The saccules exam must be done under proper sedation or general anesthesia.

Bulldog Everted Saccules Tip #2 WIGHT CONTROL: obesity and overweight will exasperate respiratory problems, thus weight loss is critical.

Bulldog Everted Saccules Tip #3 EXCITEMENT & ACTIVITY: should be minimal, any sudden increase in respiratory effort can lead to serious repercussions.

Bulldog Everted Saccules Tip #4 LEASH: don’t use anything restrictive or irritating on your bulldog and French bulldog neck. Avoid a neck leash, a harness is preferred.

Bulldog Everted Saccules Tip #5 HEAT & HUMIDITY: keep your bulldog cool and relaxed, and avoid the outdoors during the hot and humid hours. Bulldogs suffering from everted laryngeal saccules tend to overheat and are prone to heat strokes.

BULLDOG EVERTED LARYNGEAL SACCULES WARNINGS:

Bulldog Everted Saccules Warning #1 OTHER OBSTRUCTIONS: in addition to bulldog laryngeal everted saccules and the other common brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome conditions, you must rule out other laryngeal obstructions that are not directly related to BOAS but can imitate them.

Examples are laryngeal and pharyngeal tumors, polyps, masses, or swelling. Also, laryngeal paralysis, and laryngeal collapse.

Bulldog Everted Saccules Warning #2 DELAY: delaying correction of bulldog laryngeal everted saccules and other bulldog obstructive airway conditions can lead to complications that might require temporary or permanent tracheostomy.

Bulldog Everted Saccules Warning #3 MONITORING: close monitoring and supplementary oxygen are required during post-op recovery, most of the complications and emergencies happen during the recovery phase.

Bulldog Everted Saccules Warning #4 LARYNGEAL COLLAPSE: neglected and untreated bulldog BOAS such as bulldog everted laryngeal saccules could lead to fatigue of the laryngeal apparatus, atrophy of its cartilages, and irreversible collapse.

Recommend by Owners Approved by Bulldogs

 

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The information provided on this platform is for general informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your veterinarian regarding any medical condition. It's important to always consider professional medical advice promptly and not to delay seeking it based on information you've read on this platform. Any reliance on the information provided here is entirely at your discretion.

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