Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs FUNCTION

The spinal cord travels from your bulldog head/brain to its pelvis serving as the main pipeline/highway for the upstream and downstream of neurological input and output.
It includes motor function, proprioception (body position), sensory and pain.

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs ANATOMY

Your bulldog and French bulldog spinal cord are protected by the spinal canal. The canal is molded from various types of bone made vertebra bodies.
The spinal column is divided by sections, starting with the cervical and followed by the thoracic, Lumbar and Sacral.
Between each pair of spinal vertebrae lies a spongy disc that is composed of a gelatinous center surrounded by a fibrous shell.
Those discs allow for the movements, the twisting, and flexibility of your bully stiff bony vertebrae, they also help hold the vertebrae together, and act as a shock absorber.

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs DISC HIBERNATION:

If the inner disc part herniates through its shell, it protrudes and compresses the delicate nerve tissue of the spinal cord, that in turn will inflict injury, brings on inflammation, pain, and swelling.
Clinical presentation depends on the severity of the injury and the trauma location.

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs PREDISPOSITION: Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs

IVDD is common to bulldog and French Bulldog due to the breed genetic predisposition.
Bully IVDD be sudden and occur at a young age.

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs OTHER BACK PROBLEMS:

Other common bulldogs and French bulldog back conditions are:

MALFORMATIONS:  malformations of their vertebrae such as hemivertebrae and Spina bifida.
FRACTURE: Spinal Fracture or dislocation of the spine most commonly associated with trauma.
OSTEOMYALITIS: Spinal infections.
CANCER: Spinal Tumors of the spinal bone or cord.
EMBOLI: Fibrocartilaginous emboli, acute “stroke-like” disorder of the spinal cord that impairs blood flow to the cord. Which might begin in sharp pain but in contrast to other conditions its

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs CLINICAL MANIFESTATION:Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French bulldogs disc herniation

  • Stiff sensitive neck
  • Crying out when touched around the neck/head movements
  • An arched back, hunched posture
  • A praying position with the head in a low stance
  • Tense abdomen
  • Front and/o hind legs weakness, paw abnormal placement, lameness or/and motor problems (paraplegia, paralysis)
  • Distress, reluctant to move, jump or walk upstairs
  • Crying out when touched or picked up
  • Incontinent or difficulties in evacuating the bladder (larger than normal bladder)
  • Fecal Incontinence
  • Dragging and knuckling their legs/paws
  • Lack of pain or oversensitivity to pain
  • Wobbly, Ataxic

The two most common locations of the bulldog and French Bulldog IVDD are the CERVICAL (neck ) THORACOLUMBAR (mid-section).

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs DIAGNOSISIntervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs lumbarsacral disease

  • Neurological Examination
  • Blood and Urine Test
  • Radiographs
  • Spinal Tap (cytology, fluid analysis, culture)
  • Myelogram
  • MRI or/and CT is usually necessary for a final diagnosis

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs MANAGEMENT, TREATMENTIntervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs Spondylosis

Weight management
Raised food & water bowl/dish (reduce the load from the neck)
Cage rest / Strict Confinement (30 days minimum)
Cold Laser Therapy
PEMT (Pulse Electro-Magnetic Therapy)
Stem Cell Therapy
Anti-inflammatory: steroids and non-steroidal (NSAID)
Analgesics (pain relief)
Muscle relaxants
Supplements:

Acupuncture
FDA Approved CBD oil
Proper bedding (well-padded and turning over to reduce pressure sore)

Surgery

  • Surgery to decompress the disc material
  • If needed manual compression of the bladder
  • If surgery is not successful Wheels with lower section support could improve mobility
  • Wipe perianal area and vaginal area if dripping to avoid scolding and infection. Can use antiseptic wipes Like Dr. Kraemers Extra Large Antiseptic Wipes

When the dog is unable to walk normally, is paralyzed or has no deep pain sensation, surgery may be recommended.

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs PROGNOSIS

the longer the damage has been present, the worse the prognosis.
Loss of deep pain usually carries a poor prognosis and should be referred to a neurologist for possible immediate decompressing surgery.

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs WARNINGS

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs warning CAGE REST: when opting for medical management strict cage rest will be essential for at least four weeks. This rest is essential to allow a “scar” to form over the top of the disc material; early activity may precipitate the herniation of the rest of the disc material and worsen of your dog’s condition.

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs warning URINATION if your bulldog is unable to urinate on his own, he/she will need help emptying their bladder. When the bladder overfills, urine dribbles out, this results in stretching of the bladder and may make your dog unable to urinate even if there is an improvement in the condition of the spinal cord.

Intervertebral Disk Back Disease IVDD in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs warning DEFECATION: if you bulldog is unable to defecate he/she might need a stool softner, other time they might become incontenent and will need a diper.

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