Hot Spots in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs (also known as “bulldog moist dermatitis” or “bulldog moist eczema) is a condition that can be caused by multiple factors and causes an area of your bulldog’s skin to become inflamed, infected, red, moist, itchy, painful and oozy.
Hot Spots in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs is typically triggered by an itch irritant such as an infestation of fleas, presence of dust mites, an insect bite (arthropod), an allergic reaction (often to plants, trees, grass or food), skin rashes, dampness and moisture such as bulldog skin fold dermatitis and wounds. The initial inflammation causes your bulldog to become itchy and uncomfortable, forcing him/her to scratch and bite the affected area. The self-trauma compounds the initial inflammation, leading to a local infection (pyoderma) and the appearance of a red-hot, moist, painful looking “hot spot”.
Hot Spots in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs can occur all over their body, but one of the most common areas is under the flap of the ear and neck. Bulldogs, in particular, are more disposed to hot spots due to the abundance of moist skin folds around the face and head, which is a breeding ground for bacteria and yeast overgrowth
Hot Spots in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs is due to a persistent biting and scratching at a particular area of their skin. Your bulldog might appear to be sensitive to touch, you should carefully check the area for redness, bleeding, puss and infection. Remember that this condition is extremely painful, so you must be careful about how you approach and handle the medical care of that site.
We usually try to clip away the fur surrounding the area of irritation, and then carefully and completely clean the area with a topical antiseptic rinse like Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Antiseptic Rinse for Bulldogs that will help kill the bacteria and alleviate the infection. We often also inject some form of cortisone such as prednisone to the affected area in order to reduce pain and combat the itch and inflammation, as well as prescribe an antibiotic to clear away any remaining bacteria.
Hot Spots in Bulldogs and French Bulldogs generate intense itch thus Elizabethan collar (cone) around your bulldog neck for up to a week following treatment, to help prevent further self-trauma and irritating the area during the healing process.
It is important that we determine is the cause of the hotspot. Does your bulldog need to be treated regularly for fleas? Are they allergic to a particular plant growing outside your home? Is it his skin fold you need to clean more often or you are treating with the wrong product and/or frequency. Once you have an answer you can take preventive action such as a flea preventative, allergy control, or skin fold care with a daily wipe, spry or lotion such as Dr. Kraemer’s V4B Skin Fold Product Line which will help prevent re-occurrence and promote a happier, healthier pet.